What does it mean to have repeat abortions? In this article, we will explain what they are and what they depend on. If you have doubts about miscarriages, read on! You will discover which factors may be making your chances of carrying out the pregnancy difficult and how to act.
What is recurrent abortion?
Recurrent abortion, or repeat abortion, is defined as the presence of 2 or more unwanted abortions. This happens to between 2 and 5% of women.
In these cases, abortion usually occurs within the third month of pregnancy and is also called precocious, as opposed to late abortions that occur after the 13th week of gestation.
Why do recurrent miscarriages occur?
An abortion is a more common event than you could imagine, between 10% and 15% of women suffer a miscarriage. But only in certain cases this event will be repeated giving rise to repeat abortions.
In many occasions there is not a single cause that explains this phenomenon, but there is a combination of elements that determine it. In repeat abortions, in particular, three possible sources of factors tend to affect:
- In which the woman intervenes.
- That depend on the intervention of man.
- Those in which the cause is produced by the embryo.
This variety of factors, which can cause recurrent miscarriages, makes the participation of a multidisciplinary team that diagnoses and solves the problem of recurrent abortions indispensable.
But what exactly do these sources of factors consist of? The answers to this question can be many.
Main causes of recurrent abortions
Here are some of the causes described that cause recurrent miscarriages:
Genetic causes: Alterations in the karyotype of women, men or the embryo can cause abortions. It is advisable to perform the mitotic karyotype in all cases of recurrent abortions to rule out this genetic cause. By means of preimplantation genetic diagnosis, the chromosomal content of the embryo can be analyzed.
Anatomical causes: The presence of malformations or polyps in the uterus is another cause of abortions. Therefore, it is necessary to evaluate each case.
Immunological causes: There is a complex communication between the fetus and the mother in which complex immunological mechanisms intervene that prevent the mother from rejecting the embryo. We are increasingly aware of these interactions and can diagnose problems that prevent pregnancy from continuing.
Hormonal causes: It is essential to perform a complete hormonal study of pituitary and thyroid hormones. Alterations in these hormones can cause abortions.
What do I have to do to avoid recurrent miscarriages?
Repeat abortions are events that are usually very traumatic. Therefore, it is advisable to go to a specialist capable of diagnosing the cause and offer possible solutions adapted to each case.
If you have had two consecutive abortions characterized by the details that we have defined in this post, the study of the factors that have produced them is important. The complexity of the causes that intervene in this process makes it necessary for a specialized team to carry out the analysis.
A diagnosis made by professionals is the first step to avoid repeat abortions and the best way to the most appropriate solutions for each woman.